The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.

Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award

Winter 2017

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health and Human Development

First Advisor

San Juan, Jun G.

Second Advisor

Suprak, David N., (David Nathan)

Third Advisor

Buddhadev, Harsh H. (Harsh Harish)


The purpose of this investigation was to examine the acute effects of two hip flexor stretching techniques on hip extension ROM, knee joint position sense (JPS) and dynamic balance performance (DB). Thirty-six healthy college age students (25 males, 11 females; mean=22.39 years) who exhibited hip flexor tightness participated in this study. Hip extension ROM, knee JPS and DB were tested pre- and post-stretching using digital inclinometer, iPod touch and the Y-balance kit, respectively. Subjects were randomly divided into dynamic (DS), and hold-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (HR-PNF) groups. Three-way mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) was utilized to explore if an interaction between the groups (DS vs. HR-PNF), time (pre-and post) and (side of hip, knee angle and direction or reach) existed over the experiment as specified by hip extension ROM, knee JPS and dynamic balance measurements, respectively. There was a significant effect of time on hip extension ROM in both stretching groups (pp=0.004) favoring HR-PNF over DS. There was a non-significant effect of time on mean knee JPS replication error in both groups. In dynamic balance measurement, there was a significant main effect of time on the Y-balance test’s mean distance (pp





Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

Joints--Range of motion--Research; Joints--Range of motion--Measurement; Stretching exercises--Research; Flexor tendons--Wounds and injuries; Musculosketal system--Wounds and injuries; Hip joint--Range of motion




masters theses




Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Included in

Kinesiology Commons