The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.
Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Zimmerman, Sarah J.
Seltz, Jennifer, 1970-
This thesis seeks to document the combination of explicit and structural factors which created and still continue to create adversarial conditions for inner-city African Americans. In the process, it considers the utility of the word “ghetto” as a descriptive term and more broadly as an analytical framework. Throughout the twentieth century there were numerous factors working throughout the United States to consign African Americans to an inferior socio-economic position. Consequently, this thesis suggests that poverty in low-income African American neighborhoods as well as the continued persistence of residential segregation across the U.S. is the result of conscious policy choices and an economic system which inherently produces inequality. Through public and private practices which led to the development of a dual housing market, redlining, racially restrictive covenants, and the like, African Americans were beset with a series of structural impediments which have born decidedly negative consequences. As a result, this thesis will attempt to analyze why these trends cannot be attributed to personal failings or individual preference, but are instead the result of conscious policy choices buttressed by an economic system which perpetuates racist outcomes.
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Race discrimination--United States--African Americans; African Americans--Segregation--United States; Inner cities--United States; United States--Race relations
Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author' written permission.
Gaspaire, Brent, "Rethinking the “Ghetto Synthesis”: Problems and Prospects in the Black Metropolis" (2017). WWU Graduate School Collection. 595.