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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Schudlich, Tina Dawn Du Rocher
Lehman, Barbara J., 1943-
Previous studies have demonstrated relationships between deliberate self-harm and psychological distress and social functioning (for a review see Nock, 2010). However, few studies have examined psychological distress and social functioning at the same time in order to compare these predictors of deliberate self-harm. Using a more comprehensive, psychosocial approach may allow more accurate predictions of deliberate self-harm. Accurate predictions could aid in the intervention and treatment of individuals who engage in deliberate self-harm, regardless of their population; that is, whether they are seeking treatment for symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder, or if they are a member of the community. In the current study, we used a sample of individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (N = 60) and a community sample of undergraduate college students (N = 116), all of whom reported engaging in deliberate self-harm at least once in the past year. Participants completed measures of deliberate self-harm (outcome variable), psychological distress (specifically depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsion, and interpersonal sensitivity; predictor variables), and social functioning (positive support and negative interactions with family members, friends, and a romantic partner; predictor variables). We found that the population (or sample type) was the strongest predictor of deliberate self-harm, with individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder engaging in more deliberate self-harm than students. Additionally, anxiety predicted deliberate self-harm for individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder. No social functioning variables predicted deliberate self-harm. Explanations for findings and treatment implications are discussed.
Keywords: self-harm, distress, social support, Borderline Personality Disorder, student health
Self-harm, Distress, Social support, Borderline Personality Disorder, Student health
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Parasuicide; Self-destructive behavior; Distress (Psychology); Social interaction; Interpersonal relations; Borderline personality disorder
Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.
Sitton, Melissa J., "A Psychosocial Approach to Predicting Self-Harm in Heterogeneous Populations" (2018). WWU Graduate School Collection. 691.