The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.

Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science

First Advisor

Abedi, Amir, 1966-

Second Advisor

Salazar, Debra J.

Third Advisor

Weir, Sara J.


This thesis discusses the impact of a movement's reticulation structures on its ability to sustain mobilization in the presence and absence of political opportunities. It initially focuses on the relationship between the nature of a movement's reticulation structure and the movement's behavior. It goes on to explore specific connections between varied reticulation configurations and specific behaviors they are associated with, based on a detailed comparison between the student movement and women's movement in Iran from 1997 to 2008. This study shows that a movement's reticulation structure will affect its behavior. The student movement employs a hybrid composed of cliques and polycephalous structures, which gives it the ability to respond quickly to opportunities as they arise. In contrast, the women's movement employs a hybrid structure that is segmented, decentralized, and reticulated. This enables the women's movement to utilize an abeyance structure to sustain its activity under longer repression than the student movement.




Social movements--Political aspects--Iran, Student movements--Political aspects--Iran, Feminism--Political aspects--Iran, Iran--Politics and government--1997-


Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Geographic Coverage



masters theses




Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.