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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Department or Program Affiliation
Master of Music (MMus)
Van Boer, Bertil H.
The music of Peru evolved through the centuries. The conquest of Peru introduced European polyphony to the natives. Since the natives found enthusiasm towards the music of the Spaniards, missionaries utilized and integrated musical instruction as part of the catechization of the natives. The First, Second, and Third Lima Councils standardized the conversion process and enforced restrictions on sacred music. Like Lima, Arequipa also had a vibrant musical culture but the music remains lost. The music during the colonial era transitioned from three phases: early Spanish, Italian, and Nationalism. Church music dominated nearly the entire epoch of the Viceroyalty. The early Spanish music had limited instrumentation and mainly used popular texts from Spain. After the arrival of the Italian composers the chapel expanded with string and wind instrumentalists. The peak of the revolution influenced patriotic songs that united all Peruvians for the cause.
viceroaylty, music, baroque, classical
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Villancicos (Music)--Peru (Viceroyalty)--History and criticism; Church music--Peru--17th century--History and criticism; Church music--Peru--18th century--History and criticism
Peru (Viceroyalty); Peru
Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.
Yupari, Fabiola, "Peru's Musical Heritage of the Viceroyalty: The Creation of a National Identity" (2019). WWU Graduate School Collection. 887.