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Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award

Spring 2019

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Department or Program Affiliation


Degree Name

Master of Music (MMus)

First Advisor

Van Boer, Bertil H.

Second Advisor

Dudenbostel, Ryan

Third Advisor

Roulet, Patrick


The music of Peru evolved through the centuries. The conquest of Peru introduced European polyphony to the natives. Since the natives found enthusiasm towards the music of the Spaniards, missionaries utilized and integrated musical instruction as part of the catechization of the natives. The First, Second, and Third Lima Councils standardized the conversion process and enforced restrictions on sacred music. Like Lima, Arequipa also had a vibrant musical culture but the music remains lost. The music during the colonial era transitioned from three phases: early Spanish, Italian, and Nationalism. Church music dominated nearly the entire epoch of the Viceroyalty. The early Spanish music had limited instrumentation and mainly used popular texts from Spain. After the arrival of the Italian composers the chapel expanded with string and wind instrumentalists. The peak of the revolution influenced patriotic songs that united all Peruvians for the cause.




viceroaylty, music, baroque, classical


Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

Villancicos (Music)--Peru (Viceroyalty)--History and criticism; Church music--Peru--17th century--History and criticism; Church music--Peru--18th century--History and criticism

Geographic Coverage

Peru (Viceroyalty); Peru




masters theses




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