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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Education (MEd)
Health and Human Development
Brilla, Lorraine R., 1955-
The current study was designed to measure the effect of an eight week resistance training program on the body composition of persons with type II diabetes. To assess the effectiveness of the program, body composition was measured before and immediately following the training period. Forty-one subjects (female = 25, male = 16) participated in the study. Seventeen were randomly assigned to the resistance training group and eighteen were assigned to the control group. Resistance training was performed under supervision three days a week for eight weeks on eleven different exercises (triceps press, bicep curl, lat row, bench press, hip flexion, hip extension hip abduction, hip adduction, leg press, dorsiflexion, plantarflexion) with a progression up to loads representing 80% of one-repetition maximum. A two-way ANOVA with repeated measures was applied to evaluate the repeated factor of pre vs. post testing and the fixed factor comparing treatment (resistance training) vs. control group. All statistical tests were evaluated at p . 0.05 level of significance. Strength was significantly improved in the training group across all eleven exercises over the eight week time period (p < 0.05). The results of the ANOVA showed a significant decrease in body fat percentage (p = 0.003), a significant increase in lean body mass (p=0.011), and a significant decrease in fat mass (p = 0.017 for both groups and no significant difference between the two groups). Percent body fat decreased from 41.25 ± 10.24 kg to 40.11 ± 9.98 kg in the treatment group and 40.78 ± 10.91 kg to 40.06 ± 10.82 kg in the control group. Lean body mass increased from 53.11 ± 10.12 kg to 54.62 ± 11.97 in the treatment group and 53.11 ± 12.17 kg to 53.41 ± 12.50 kg in the control group. Fat mass decreased from 39.02 ± 15.09 kg to 37.83 ± 14.69 kg in the treatment group and 39.11 ± 20.60 to 38.32 ± 19.96 kg in the control group. There was no significant interaction effect for any variable (p < 0.05) and no significant change in fat mass across tests or groups (p < 0.05). These results indicate that changes in body composition seen over an eight week time period could not be specifically attributable to high resistance weight training.
Western Washington University
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Spickler, Eric R., "Effect of resistance training on body composition of persons with type II diabetes" (2010). WWU Graduate School Collection. 95.