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Date Permissions Signed

7-30-2020

Date of Award

Summer 2020

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Department or Program Affiliation

Psychology

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Lehman, Barbara J., 1943-

Second Advisor

Scollon, Christie Napa

Third Advisor

Byrne, Christina A.

Abstract

The current research examined the effects of text-messaged and in-person social support on cardiovascular and psychological stress responses. Of particular interest to this thesis was the question of whether text-messaged social support offered benefits similar to that of in-person social support. Female undergraduates (N = 49) and their female friends participated in an anticipated speech task. The participant’s friends provided either in-person (n = 14), text-messaged (n = 17) social support, or no social support (n =18). Cardiovascular and psychological outcomes were tested by incorporating a series of theoretically driven planned contrasts using HLM piecewise growth curve modeling. In-person social support did not moderate systolic blood pressure (SBP) reactivity but did increase SBP recovery. In-person social support reduced social evaluative threat (SET) during both reactivity and recovery. Text-messaged social support attenuated SBP responses during reactivity, but increased SBP during recovery, and also reduced SET during recovery. This study indicates that text-messaged social support can reduce cardiovascular reactivity to a stressor.

Type

Text

Keywords

social support, anticipatory stress task, social evaluative threat, challenge appraisals, emotions, blood pressure, text messages, instant messages, computer-mediated communication, cardiovascular reactivity, stress

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

1182807350

Subject – LCSH

Social networks--Psychological aspects; Stress (Psychology); Stress (Physiology)

Format

application/pdf

Genre/Form

masters theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.

Included in

Psychology Commons

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