Document Type

Article in Response to Controversy


The issue of representation has been brought to us by scholars in social theory, ethnic and women’s studies, and literary and cultural criticism. In political science representation became an issue as various social movements became concerned with their empowerment. This work is focused on the social movement side of the study of representation. It is concerned with the political construction of racial identity and movements for empowerment based upon those identities. Utilizing Stuart Hall’s theory of representation (1997); and building upon Winant’s model of racial hegemonic projects (1990), this paper identifies ideas and practices of racial identity and representation within those hegemonic projects. The final section of the paper advances the authors’ view of the importance of erecting a multiracial hegemonic project in the United States in the 21st century.


Hall, Stuart Hall, Editor. Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices.

London: Sage Publications, Ltd., 1997.

Winant, Howard, “Postmodern Racial Politics,” Socialist Review, 1990, no. 1, 121-47.