State of the Salish Sea, Salish Sea, seascape, Puget Sound, shoreline armoring, living shoreline, restoration, urbanization, ecosystem
Nearly one third of Puget Sound’s shorelines are armored (e.g., seawall, bulkhead, riprap). Armoring has documented negative impacts on the flora and fauna that benefit from healthy intertidal beaches. Although shoreline armor may be necessary in some cases to protect people and property, there are often promising “living shoreline” options to restore natural features, also referred to as soft or green shorelines. These options can be applied to situations where complete restoration is either impractical or not feasible given human constraints. Living shoreline techniques often include a mix of design options, including armor removal, sediment nourishment of beaches, log placement, planting vegetation, and moving seawalls further inland. Through regular monitoring, we can determine the effectiveness of these restoration efforts and their value to the nearshore ecosystem, applying what we learn to future management scenarios.
State of the Salish Sea
Salish Sea Institute
Toft, J. (2021). Living Shorelines in Puget Sound. In K.L. Sobocinski, State of the Salish Sea. Salish Sea Institute, Western Washington University. http://doi.org/10.25710/vfhb-3a69
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