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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Abedi, Amir, 1966-
Kamena, Theodore H.
This thesis project applies the second-order framework to compare levels of elections in Spain. I pay special interest to the link between the country's electoral timing, territorial cleavages, and central-regional dynamic. The project implements two tests, one to measure vote choice in relation to general election expectations and cycles, and another to measure voter volatility between first- and second-order levels. Both tests are broken down by regional electorates and applied to elections to the European Parliament and regional assemblies. In light of the varying levels of decentralization found among Spanish regions, I expect test results to vary between regions that are more and less devolved from the center. I also hypothesize that European-level data will more strongly adhere to second-order expectations due to the differential of power between the two types of legislative bodies. My principal finding is that, from a second-order lens, most of Spain's voting behavior in European Parliament elections can be explained. In contrast, irregular voting patterns indicate a detachment of voter logic between general and regional elections.
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Elections--Spain; Political participation--Spain--History--20th century; Spain--Politics and government--1982-
Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.
De la Cruz, Megan J., "Second-order characteristics of multi-level elections in Spain" (2010). WWU Graduate School Collection. 53.